The influx of foreign populations puts considerable pressure on the availability of resources and makes life very expensive in the far-North region.
Eating, sleeping under a roof, dressing, and ensuring the education of one’s children are the simple and indispensable gestures of everyday life but that have become the sea to drink for three-quarters of the population of the Far North. The practices of the past have largely changed as a result of pressure and limited resources. First, where does this pressure come from?
The increase in the population of Maroua began with the creation of the university and its satellite schools. Then there was a second wave with Chad’s neighbors, for those who are fortunate to come to the metropolis where the climate is more clement to settle the time of a weekend to enjoy the luxury and glamor that this city can offer. Finally, there were the refugees of the Boko Haram sect, who had come from Nigeria, from the shores of Lake Chad, who were fleeing from the terror set up.
Consequences: the higher bidders facing the scarcity of housing offer higher prices and several months ahead, something that the average people can not afford. The same applies to foodstuffs on the market. The additional aggravating factor, the rural agricultural populations that provided the cities were forced to deport themselves, thus depriving the region of a large source of supply and thereby rendering these populations vulnerable. Thus, food is insufficient, producers are inactive and costs are rising in the market.
The adaptations of households to these different socio-economic difficulties are very visible. The number of children in the street increases as a result of school wastage, households eat only on average once a day, women’s clothes are declining in prices and most people are getting better dressed in second-hand clothes. All these are the means used by households to “stay” afloat in the turpitudes of life in the most beautiful region nowadays.